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Sometimes we can fall into our own mind’s trap, and we make decisions that can go completely wrong. And we don’t even realize it. Sometimes such decisions are harmless, but some of them can lead to bad consequences.

14. Dual standards

We often try to explain other people’s behavior with the help of such arguments as life troubles and problems. But when we justify our mistakes, we use circumstances that don’t depend on us. Such mistakes sometimes make us think that we all have similar lives, and that’s why it’s easy to blame the people around us.

13. A dispute for the sake of victory

Scientists Hugo Mercier and Dan Sperber proposed a theory that claims people have learned how to argue so as to have an opportunity to influence each other. Modern society also depends on it, which is why people can’t stop disputing even if they’ve run out of arguments. In ancient times, to lose a debate meant to reduce your chance to live. That’s why we always argue until the end.

12. Comparing the incomparable

We often compare things that are totally incomparable, and that’s why a causal relationship becomes disrupted. For example, there is a belief that the bigger a dog is, the angrier it becomes. But let’s agree that a dog’s size doesn’t affect its character or behavior.

11. Trusting only “your” people

Since ancient times, we wittingly or unwittingly divide people into groups. We trust the people who are in “our” group more: friends and colleagues, for example. And we trust the people who are outside of this group less, treating them with caution and suspicion. This phenomenon is called “in-group favoritism”: people overstate “their” group’s value and its members’ abilities and underestimate those they don’t know well.

 

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